Khartoum is the capital and second largest city of Sudan and Khartoum state. It is located at the confluence of the White Nile, flowing north from Lake Victoria, and the Blue Nile, flowing west from Ethiopia. The location where the two Niles meet is known as the”al-Mogran”, meaning the Confluence. The main Nile continues to flow north towards Egypt and the Mediterranean Sea.
Divided by the Niles, Khartoum is a tripartite metropolis with an estimated overall population of over five million people, consisting of Khartoum proper, and linked by bridges to Khartoum North al-Khartum Bahri and Omdurman to the west.
Khartoum is home to the largest airport in Sudan, Khartoum International Airport. It is the main hub for Sudan Airways, Sudan’s main carrier. The airport was built at the southern edge of the city; but with Khartoum’s rapid growth and consequent urban sprawl, the airport is now located in the heart of the city. A new international airport is currently being built about 40 km (25 mi) south of the city center.There has been delays to start construction because lack of funding of the project and it’s unknown when the airport will be completed. It will replace the current airport in Khartoum as Sudan’s main airport.
The following bridges cross the Blue Nile and connect Khartoum to Khartoum North:
Mac Nimir Bridge
Blue Nile Road & Railway Bridge
The following bridges cross the White Nile and connect Khartoum to Omdurman:
White Nile Bridge
Al Dabbaseen Bridge (Under Construction)
Omhuraz Bridge (Proposed)
the following bridges cross from Omdurman: to Khartoum North:
The following bridges cross to Tuti from Khartoum states three cities
Omdurman-Tuti Suspension bridge proposed
Khartoum North-tuti bridge proposed
See also: Sudan Military Railroad
Khartoum has rail lines from Egypt, Port Sudan on the Red Sea, and El Obeid. All are operated by Sudan Railways. Some lines also extended to some parts of south Sudan